United Nations Day and International Disarmament Week
Since 1947, the world has been celebrating the twenty-fourth of October as United Nations Day, coinciding with the anniversary of the founding charter of the United Nations approved by the United Nations General Assembly, in order to obtain the support of the people and to publicize the achievements and goals of the United Nations.
In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2782, which declared United Nations Day an international holiday, and recommended that all UN member states celebrate it. Many schools around the world celebrate it, while in some other countries it is considered a public holiday.
What is the Charter of the United Nations?
The Charter of the United Nations, as the founding treaty of the United Nations, became effective on October 24, 1945. The Charter included the objectives of the United Nations, which are to save future generations from the tragedies of war, to support human rights and dignity, to strive for equality and justice, and to guarantee freedoms.
In addition, the Charter of the United Nations affirms the maintenance of peace and security, the development of friendly relations between states based on respect for the principles of equal rights, the achievement of global cooperation to solve international economic, social, and cultural problems, respect, and promotion of human rights, and for the United Nations to become a center through which countries can coordinate their activities to achieve these ends.
What is the United Nations Population Fund and what does it do?
As part of the United Nations and one of its agencies and programmers, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) celebrates the United Nations Day through which it seeks to establish peace and security and guarantee human rights
The United Nations Population Fund was established in 1967 and came into force two years later, it has a leading role in the United Nations, working in more than 150 countries around the world in many areas, including specialized care for women’s reproductive health.
UNFPA supports pregnant women, especially women facing life-threatening complications, in addition to measures to prevent pregnancy during adolescence, combat child marriage, secure supplies for safe childbirth, train thousands of health workers, as well as preventing gender-based violence.
United Nations Disarmament Week
Starting October 24, this week aims to securing humanity’s future by promoting awareness of disarmament issues, ending armed conflicts, and reducing tensions.
The United Nations established in January 1988 the Office for Disarmament Affairs, which aims to strengthen the systems of nuclear disarmament and limit its proliferation, as well as the disarmament of weapons of mass destruction, chemical and biological weapons, and conventional weapons.
What did the weapon do in Syria?
For ten years, Syria has been living in a bloody conflict and war that has led to heavy losses in lives and infrastructure, as the Assad regime and its militias have attacked civilians with all kinds of weapons, including internationally prohibited weapons such as chemical weapons.
The Syrian Network for Human Rights documented the killing of 227,413 civilians between March 2011 and March 2021, 87.97% at the hands of the regime forces, while Russia killed 6,860 civilians.
Among the dead, 29,457 children and 28,458 females, in addition to 14,506 people killed under torture, while at least 150,000 people are still under arrest and enforced disappearance.
On the other hand, an economic study prepared by the Syrian Center for Policy Research in May 2020 revealed that the infrastructure losses in Syria during nine years of war amounted to more than 530 billion US dollars, adding that the conflict has caused the displacement of more than 13 million Syrians from their towns and that 2.4 million children inside the country are out of school
Today, at least 1.5 million people live in the camps in northwestern Syria, in tragic economic, health, and service conditions, especially with the new wave of the Corona pandemic “Covid-19”, where the percentage of infections has increased dramatically inside those camps with poor hygiene, water and sanitation projects.
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